Vinya Ariyaratne received a MD from De la Salle University in 1989 and a MPH from Johns Hopkins in 1990. In 1996, he received his MSc and in 2003 his MD in Community Medicine form the Post-Graduate Institute of Medicine, University of Colombo. Vinya completed his Postgraduate Certificate (Hons) in 2006 in Health Managemt, Planning and Policy at the University of Leeds, UK. His expertise lies in community development, public health, nutrition, relief, rehabilitation of war affected communities, peace building, and reconciliation. Formerly: Visiting Fellow, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK; Chevening Fellow, Nuffield Institute, Univ. of Leeds, UK. Currently, General Secretary, Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement, Sri Lanka. He is a Member of the board of management, microfinance and rural enterprise development organizations affiliated with Sarvodaya.
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- Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement
- Non-profit Social Enterprise
- Sri Lanka
- Areas of Impact
- South Asia, Sri Lanka
Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement
Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement has a unique philosophy and strategy for development that promotes self-reliance and self-governance at both individual and community levels. Sarvodaya encourages the community to share resources including labour, time and ideas to create “sustainable village economies that meet the 10 basic human needs.”
Sarvodaya’s approach and activities are guided by Buddhist and Gandhian values with a significant focus on building peace in the war-torn nation. In each village, Sarvodaya works through a five-stage intervention model that includes needs assessment, community mobilisation, setting up of self-help institutions called Sarvodaya Shramadana Societies, impact measurement and extension of support for other village communities. Each village receives a customized mix of products, services and activities in economic development, peace building and emergency relief. As of 2012, this model, spearheaded by a staff of 1500 people, reaches 15,000 villages in 25 districts in Sri Lanka.
Sarvodaya also runs Shanthisena - a peace brigade consisting of over 130,000 youth volunteers dedicated to peace building and community development. In addition, the movement has spawned many initiatives on specific social issues – including the largest microfinance organisation in Sri lanka serving 140,000 clients and 4,335 pre-schools serving over 98,000 children.
In its first two decades, Sarvodaya’s activities were dependent entirely on voluntary labour and local resources. From the mid-1970s, the organisation accessed external resources and donor funding and since the 1990s has focused on converting select initiatives into financially self-sustainable business models. Today, Sarvodaya also works very closely with the government in an advisory and collaborative capacity as it accelerates its economic and social development agenda.